Graphical Presentation Of Tabular Data – Pie And Doughnut Charts (Part 5 of 5)

Jun 30 2023 Published by admin under Uncategorized

This is the fifth and final article in a series aimed at showing the benefits of presenting tabular data in a graphical format; this one considers the use of pie and doughnut charts. It looks at when they should be used, how they are constructed and the benefits that they can provide.

The Pie Chart

This is a graphical representation chart, which is circular in format. It is named a ‘pie chart’ because it resembles a pie which has been cut into slices. The pie represents the whole or 100% of the survey sample and each of the slices into which the pie is subdivided, which make up the whole pie, illustrate the quantity proportion of the pie that each element of the survey represents.

This simple statistical chart can be very colourful, as each slice can be drawn as a different colour to ease identification. They are also very easy to produce. Pie charts enable the viewer to easily compare both the individual sizes of different slices of the pie and each slice’s proportion of the whole pie or sample. However, it is not always easy to compare slices across two or more pie charts or where many of the elements of a sample are very small when compared with the largest element, because their representative slices are very thin.

Using the child’s height survey example which has been used throughout this series of articles, a pie chart can be constructed thus:

Height Range(m.) / Frequency(No.) / Percent(%) /Central Angle(degrees)
1.0m.-1.1m. / 0No. / 0% / 0.0degrees
1.1m.-1.2m. / 1No. / 4% / 14.4degrees
1.2m.-1.3m. / 4No. / 16% / 57.6degrees
1.3m.-1.4m. / 9No. / 36% / 129.6degrees
1.4m.-1.5m. / 7No. / 28% / 100.8degrees
1.5m.-1.6m. / 3No. / 12% / 43.2degrees
1.6m.-1.7m. / 1No. / 4% / 14.4degrees
1.7m.-1.8m. / 0No. / 0% / 0.0degrees
Survey Totals 25No. / 100% / 360 degrees

To generate a pie chart for the above set of data, you have to extend the original table. For each of the height range frequencies it is necessary to calculate the percentage of a full pie chart’s circle that that element’s slice will be represented by and hence its central angle. For example, using the 1.2m to 1.3m height range above, the frequency percentage is calculated by dividing the frequency 4 by the survey sample size 25 and multiplying by 100, which equals 16 per cent. The central angle of the 1.2m to 1.3m range pie slice is then calculated by multiplying that slice’s percentage 16 by 360 and dividing the result by 100 which equates to 57.6 degrees. A short cut to this answer is to multiply the frequency (4) by 360 and divide by the total survey sample size (25) which omits the percentage stage of the calculation.

When all the pie chart’s frequency central angles have been calculated, then a pie chart can be generated by drawing a circle of a diameter best suiting the surveyor. Each height range frequency is then represented by a slice with their respective central angle. When all the slices have been drawn, they will make up a full circle of 360 degrees and may be given a different infill colour for improved presentation and identification.

The Doughnut Chart

The doughnut chart is very similar to the pie chart, the difference being that instead of the chart being a solid circle representing a ‘pie’, the chart is in the form of a hollow doughnut. The calculation for each slice of the doughnut is exactly the same as the pie chart. The main difference is in the graphical representation of the chart in that the doughnut can be given either a two or three dimensional visual representation by using both internal and external edge shading to the doughnut figure. It is also possible to pull a slice of the doughnut in or out in order to emphasise a particular slice.

This is the fifth and final article, introducing the reader to simple graphical presentation of tabular data. Many spreadsheet software packages now include programmes to generate many or all of the graphs and charts highlighted within these articles. It is therefore always a good idea, and indeed good practice, to try to display your survey data in as many different chart and graph formats as possible. You may then determine and choose which ones both best demonstrate what your survey is about, and what your conclusions are; and also which are the easiest for your audience to view and interpret.

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Help Me Putt – 3 Reasons Why The Tour Links Putting Green System Is The Ultimate Present For Him

Jun 30 2023 Published by admin under Uncategorized

Do you find it a headache to think of what present to get for the significant man in your life every time a special celebration is drawing near? If he is an avid golfer intent on improving his golf game and often spends more time at the golf club than you would like, you should consider investing in a Tour Links Putting Green System. This putting mat system is an excellent way of keeping him at home more often. This article will highlight the top 3 reasons why the Tour Links Putting Green System is the ultimate present to buy for him this year.

Reason #1: He practices putting at home instead of at the golf club.

15 minutes of efficient putting practice each day is all it takes to improve the putting stroke. You need to invest time consistently to practice in order to see results in a short period of time. It is not as effective to spend 2 hours bent over the golf ball because you will probably finish the practice session with a sore back and neck.

Having a putting mat at home allows your man to save time travelling to and from the practice facility. This leaves him with more time to spend with you, and maybe even helping out around the house. He will no longer have the excuse of needing to practice at the putting green because the Tour Links Putting Green installed at home is of a realistic surface and putting speed to that of the golf course.

Reason #2: Allow him to feel good by introducing you to the basic aspect of golf in the comfort of your home.

Your man will be very excited when you show interest in the sport that he is crazy about. If he has been urging you to pick up golf for some time, this is your way to give in to his request without even having to leave home. Putting is really quite simple and you will feel a sense of satisfaction when you see the ball drop into the cup.

Allow him to feel smart by being able to teach you a new skill. Instead of feeling resentment towards him heading down to the golf course so often, you can turn putting into a shared activity between the two of you. Spending time doing something together can help to improve the bonds between a couple. See your relationship get better over time.

Reason #3: Tour Links putting mats are beautiful to look at and make

your backyard unique.

Guests and friends who visit your house will be amazed by the beautiful green installed and you can host putting competitions at home. This will be a fun activity for all ages to participate. Because the material used to make Tour Links putting mats are engineered to withstand all weather conditions, you can leave it outdoors without worry.

This putting mat system is the best present for the man in your life that loves to play golf and can’t get enough of the sport. If you don’t already own one at home, then it is time to consider purchasing one for his and your own benefit. Installing this putting mat means that he will be at home more often practicing and improving his putting stroke. You will also be able to spend more time with him and enjoy the sport that he loves so much, improving your relationship. Finally, beautify your home with this high quality putting mat system that is easy to care for indoors and outdoors.

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Do You Want to Be Happy? Find Your Inner Happiness Through Present Moment Awareness

Jun 30 2023 Published by admin under Uncategorized

What does living in present moment awareness really mean?

Being there for your life. Focused, connected, listening to and paying attention to and communicating with yourself and everything and everyone around you.

Living one moment at a time. Which is the only way we really can.

Not being stuck in the past.

Or worried about the future.

Remember 3 years ago, this moment your living right now is the future you were talking about.

Three years from now this same moment will be the past. Do you still want to be stuck reliving that moment.

So, living in present moment awareness means, living life one moment at a time, in awareness, in a non-striving, non-judgmental, open, non-reactive state. And then letting it go.

For me one of the many benefits of the practice of mindfulness has been non- attachment. What do I mean by that? Being able to fully get that you are you no matter what else happens in and around your life.

So even if you lose your job, you’re still ok, you’re still you. Or if you lose your current home, your still okay, you’re still you. Or if circumstances in your family change, you’re still okay, you’re still you. Same with your health, you’re still okay, you still are you.

In other words, you’re not really defined by any of those things. Because they are not really you. You are still you no matter where you live, no matter what job you have, no matter what is going on with your family, no matter what is happening with your health. You are always you.

And accepting that life is impermanent. Constantly changing. Different from one moment to the next is another benefit from the practice of mindfulness.

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Remember Your Past, Enjoy Your Present

Jun 30 2023 Published by admin under Uncategorized

Feel unwanted? Suffering from an addiction? Being bullied, victimized for reasons you are not aware of? Anger issues? Possibly having problems in your relationship. Or do you feel something is lacking, even though you have everything? If this is you, then why not consider Regression Therapy?

If you have tried to find answers to these issues and still can’t come up with a solution, KEEP READING! Regression Therapy may hold the answers you are looking for.

Regression therapy is said to bring someone out of the darkness and confusion they have been living in, and shedding some light on their life. It involves taking a person back through their lives and bringing them to terms with things that have happened. Despite it being a form of hypnosis, the person is fully conscious during this.

One may experience their current life throughout adulthood, through adolescence, and childhood, including the time when they were still in the womb.

Past Life regression therapy on the other hand is slightly different from all of these. What makes it so different is that rather than recalling this life, a person will recall one that they lived previously.

This thought about having previous lives is a hard thought for many to grasp, but actual evidence exists that our present life is only one of several that we have lived.

In some cases people have even talked about being soldiers in wars; an official of some kind in a foreign land; some have even reported on being hunting for prey in the Stone Age with another person who winds up actually being their partner in present day.

It is very interesting when people start to recall memories from the past. It is fascinating when that memory can be verified using written state or parish records.

Although not reported very often in the mainstream media there are actually thousands of well documented reports of children that are able to recall their past lives in great detail. They have also met and recognised people that they had been related to in their past life.

The experiences that we have had in these past lives can help us understand the way that we are now – there is a much better perspective to be gained on one’s behavior with this kind of insight on the past.

Faulty Thoughts is a term that is used widely in the regression therapy community. These are negative thoughts that a person has carried over from their past life. These thoughts can have an adverse effect on a person’s life, which is never good.

Naturally only one person can fix this. That one person is the actual person who came up with such thoughts. The faulty thoughts can be offset by trying to release that energy and by transforming the negative energy into positive. There are a number of ways in which this may be done, from repaying karma, to forgiving those who have wronged you.

Forgiveness is in the biblical and the scripture reads, ‘Do unto others what you want others do unto you.’ Karmic repayment, from the word ‘karma’ changing one’s negative attitude into a positive attitude.

If a person is able to carry such things out, then it would be possible to re-pattern their energy fields. They can do this by practicing things such as tranquility, care, and other things that might be considered positive.

Although it could be really tiring at times, Regression Therapy is said to be life changing. Most of the clients testify that going through the procedure resulted into a positive attitude, a renewed outlook in life, and a stronger individuality.

To get to this place of peace and renewal, clients have to be committed to the process and be willing to come to truly know themselves and change their expectations for their lives.

‘Regression Therapy,’ a fascinating subject. And should you seriously contemplate trying it yourself either out of desire or interest, it would be a journey into discovering who you were in a previous life or to help you solve present day problems.

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The Top 10 Presents For Christmas For People Trying To Figure Out, “What Do I Get My 14 Year Old?”

Jun 30 2023 Published by admin under Uncategorized

Some people enjoy around the Christmas season when one is supposed to be thinking of family and friends while spending hard earned cash on them it can drive most people bonkers. You would think that when it comes to your children that it suppose to be much easier deciding what to purchase. This is not true and parents know this is not the case. Especially, after you see that sparkle of discontent in your child’s face when they open their Christmas gifts.

Children enjoy their presents more when they are in a complete set. Don’t forget that it sucks to feel left out around friends and their gifts. Try not to purchase your kids gifts like a skate board without the tools to repair them or a RC monster truck without a rechargeable battery to play with it.

The list below was put together for season. This unique list is to help you in buying Christmas presents for kids that are between the ages of 13-17 years old.

1. Lego Star Wars Clone Wars

2. Nintendo Wii Game Assassins Creed

3. 16GB Expanded memory for cell phones devices.

4. Lego Star Wars Toys

5. Metal Gear Solid Action Figures.

6. Lego Atlantis Gateway of the Squid

7. Marvel Universe Master Works Galactus

8. Silver Surfer Toys

9. Witch Blade Busts

10. Mega Blok Iron Man 2 Stark Expo Set

Getting a gift for a teenager that doesn’t go with any other toys they may own is like buying a a car with no tires. Teenagers will not have fun with the presents too long if they know it’s not complete.

Make this Christmas one to remember when shopping for their gifts this year by purchasing combinations of gifts that compliment and go with each other and they will enjoy much longer. The teens will appreciate towards their mommy and daddys because they will know you love them until next year. Then you have to do all over for their birthdays.

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PDF – A Better Way To Distribute & Share Your PowerPoint Presentation

Jun 14 2023 Published by admin under Uncategorized

There are many reasons for sharing and distributing your PowerPoint presentation. I’ve found that in most cases, distributing your slides in PDF format has some important advantages, both for you and your presentation’s recipients

If your presentation stands on its own statically, without dynamic elements such as animations, transitions and media, such as video, then you may find the PDF solution ideal for your needs. Some of the advantages include:

  • Your Receipients Don’t Need PowerPoint: Nearly everyone has Adobe Reader these days, but not everyone has PowerPoint (or PowerPoint viewer) installed on their system. Nor do you need to worry about which version of PowerPoint your recipients have, something complicated by PowerPoint 2007 which introduced a new file format (.pptx)
  • Fast and Easy: PDF files open in a snap and it’s something that everyone already knows how to do.
  • Your Presentation Will Appear the Way You Prepared It: If your recipient’s computer doesn’t have all your presentation’s fonts installed on their computer, your presentation may appear completely differently to them as Windows will substitute another font instead. Converting your presentation to PDF format “locks down” all of its elements, ensuring that everyone sees exactly what you prepared.
  • Protect Your Content: OK, I admit it. I don’t like to share. I put many many hours into preparing my presentations, and if someone hands me their USB flash drive at the end of a talk and asks me for a copy, I’m a bit hesitant if I think they’ll simply take my slides and use them as their own. Distributing a PDF file doesn’t eliminate plagiarism, but it doesn’t distribute your hard work on a silver platter, either.

In addition to creating a PDF file of your presentation’s slides, you can produce handouts, speaker notes, etc. Even if your presentation includes video or other dynamic elements, and if those elements live on the Internet or corporate network, you can embed hyperlinks in your presentation. For example, see the last page of the PDF file which includes a link to this site.Saving your presentation as a PDF is simple, especially if you’re using PowerPoint 2007. Microsoft has added “PDF or XPS” as one of the “Save As…” choices. However, this feature is not enabled after you initially install PowerPoint 2007. You’ll need to download the “Microsoft Save as PDF or XPS Add-in for 2007 Microsoft Office programs.”

Still using an earlier version of PowerPoint? No worries. Use the freeware product CutePDF Writer which, when installed, shows up as another printer on your system. Simply choose CutePDF as your printer and “print” your presentation and it will be saved as a PDF file. I still use CutePDF for other applications that don’t support PDF.

I hope you’ll give the PDF approach a try. It’s one of those rare solutions that benefits both you and your audience.

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Presenting Rembrandt Charms Bracelets

Jun 13 2023 Published by admin under Uncategorized

Rembrandt charms bracelets are an sophisticated fashion accessory for both men and ladies and people of all ages. Who says fashion is for young people only? The stylish and chic gold and silver bracelets are a part of high fashion couture. It is ideal as gift for all occasions with just the right size, not too overwhelming, attractive and stylish and even affordable. Perfect gift for Valentine Day, it is common for couples to present each other with love charms and bracelets with their names or meaningful words engraved on them. It does bring back sweet memories each and every time you wear it.

The bracelets come in many forms. These days, Rembrandt charms have gained a lot of worldwide recognition and have become popular for people all over the world. You can communicate your love for your special ones by giving them beautiful, specially designed Rembrandt charm bracelets.

The charms are available in a assortment of colors, designs and assorted patterns, also in semi-precious and precious elements of gold and silver. The variety allow one to personalise the ornament by your choice of charms and bracelet that represent the personal preference in terms of colour, design, pattern and material. When give as gift, always have in mind the personality and interest of the recipient.

The practice of giving personalised charm bracelets is gaining popularity because it makes someone feel special and unique. You can choose to get it customized by having the syllables of your beloveds name engraved on it. It is a sweet way of showing your love for your dear one. You can also select from gold colorful beads and silver beaded charm bracelets as gifts.

Truly a gift for all occasions, be it a birthday, an anniversary or Graduation Day, Rembrandt charm bracelets never fail to dazzle. All women adore elegant and gorgeous charm bracelets. There is also a established belief that charm bracelets express your exclusive individuality and celebrate the love for the cherished ones of your life.

Charms bracelet can be worn as a valuable and elegant piece of jewelry, as a symbol of lingering memories of affection and a dear gift from someone close. Many choose to invest in a silver or gold for important occasion like Christmas, New Year or Valentine Day gift. You can easily buy it from a choice of online stores which offer plentiful design to choose from.

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Using Your iPhone or iPad For PowerPoint Presentations

Jun 12 2023 Published by admin under Uncategorized

Want to impress your team and your prospects? This is a “wow factor” and so simple to set up and run. Using your iPhone or iPad for PowerPoint presentations is simple, easy and brings you to the top of the high tech world.

It has an unbelievable wow factor because you do not need any special tech equipment. Also, you don’t have to have any special tech skills or experience.

Here’s the equipment that you will need:

  1. Your iPhone or iPad
  2. Your Mac (or PC with iPhoto)
  3. A special iPhone or iPad TV video cable.

The TV video cable is a component or composite video cable that connects to the TV usually into the same place you plug in the Xbox or Nintendo. You can get them at any Best Buy, Fry’s or Apple store.

Some TV’s have one or both of the connections. The most popular is a composite cable and it’s the one that has red, yellow and white connectors. Just check your TV before buying. You may want to have both since you never know what type you’ll need when going to some else’s home.

Here are some simple steps:

  1. Download and save your companies PowerPoint to your main computer.
  2. Open your new PowerPoint show and under “FILE”, send all slides to iPhoto. On a Mac, it will create it’s own folder. On a PC it may just send each slide. Either way each PowerPoint slide is now in your photos.
  3. Sync your iPhone/iPad. Make sure your new iPhoto folder/slides are selected.

Now the PowerPoint is on your iPhone/iPad. You can use it for any presentation like a one on one. Just open photos and start the showing the photos/slides.

To use it on a TV continue to:

  1. Plug your component/composite Audio TV cable into the color-coded AV ports on your TV. Usually it is the game ports on the front, side or back.
  2. Plug the other end into the bottom of your iPhone/iPad.
  3. On the TV, select the appropriate AV “input” for the actual port you used.
  4. On your iPhone/iPad open “photos” and then the correct folder of your PowerPoint show.
  5. Start the 1st slide and “start slideshow.”

Extra tips:

Before any home meeting, you may want to change your “Settings” on your iPhone to Airplane mode. This prevents any calls, texts or emails coming in and disrupting your show. Also, under the General Settings, if you change the Auto lock to never, your iPhone/iPad will not shut off during the PowerPoint.

After starting your PowerPoint show, you may want to advance it one slide and then back to slide one. This will allow you to shut off the auto advance feature of the show and it will only advance to the next slide as you manually advance it.

One last tip, if you are low on power, plugs the USB end of this Audio cable into the power adaptor for your iPhone/iPad. That way you’ll be charging your iPhone/iPad at the same time.

Enjoy and go “Wow” your prospects!

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Your Work Vehicles and Your Business Presentation

Jun 11 2023 Published by admin under Uncategorized

Investing in your company image makes sense and you must consider this part of your business presentation. It is as important as the signage on your location and your brochures or website. Neglecting your company vehicles is not smart marketing or presentation. What can you do to dress up your company vehicles?

Well it would seem that it is good advice to never have your vehicles looking dirty. Did you know that Fred Smith of Federal Express use to wash every vehicle every day and then eventually went to twice per week washing? He knew the value of his vehicles on the street and the image it presented to his customers and future clientele.

Today there are so many excellent options for vehicle signage to consider once you commit to keeping your company vehicles clean. Lets face it if you plan on putting cool graphics on your vehicle no sense in advertising the fact that your vehicle looks dirty? Sure God made dirt on the first day, but why advertise it, when you are trying to propel your image in the market place.

Contact a local graphic signage business and ask them about shrink raps and custom graphics and dress up your vehicle business presentation and then watch more customers calling in and saying; I saw your vehicle and I am interested in.

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Learning to Live in the Present Moment

Jun 10 2023 Published by admin under Uncategorized

Most people are plagued with a mental illness called unconscious living. The symptoms of unconscious living manifest themselves when we least expect it. It sneaks upon us when we’re in conversations with others, when we begin to worry, when we’re peeking into the past or peering way into the future. One minute we’re fully enjoying what we’re doing and living in the moment; the next moment we’re having a mental conversation with our boss or focused on what we need to do after work. If you haven’t figured it out already, living unconsciously occurs any time we allow our mind to take us from the present moment and project on some past experience or future accomplishment or problem. And everyone suffers from it to one degree or another.

The problem with unconscious living is we fail to enjoy the blessings in our lives right here, right now. We think that when we have a new relationship we will be happy. When we get a better job everything will fall into place. When we lose 50 pounds then we can really begin to start living. The problem with this type of thinking is that we’re being robbed of the joyful moments happening right now. These are the joys of preparing a delicious meal, spending time playing with our children or fully engaged in an interesting conversation. Unconscious living makes us discontent with what is, so we’re forever trying to change our circumstance or ourselves. It’s like chasing after the wind. The past and future only exists in our thoughts and are not our present reality.

Even though I really don’t like to cook too much any more, when I do, I try to be fully present with what I’m doing. I pay close attention to every detail and take my time. I tell myself that I’m cooking my meal with love. I read recently that studies show the happiest people are those who make mundane activities into pleasurable rituals. Let’s face it, life can be pretty routine, however making the most of activities by fully enjoying them and not just tolerating or giving them rote attention can enhance your happiness quota. You know, stop and smell the roses.

Consistent meditation can help you to live more present conscious. It will help you to control your thoughts instead of allowing them to control you. It will help you to keep your mind from running off to some distance land in the mental cosmos. It will help you to stop pursing the dangling carrot of greener grasses and frolic in the grass you already have. Paul said that he learned to be content in all things. That is true freedom. You are complete in Christ. That is an absolute truth not predicated on how we feel.

This week concentrate on living in the present moment. Whatever you do this week give it your full attention whether you are talking on the phone, gardening, cooking, working on a project, or playing with your children. No multi-tasking allowed! Try to see and experience colors, gestures, expressions, smells, tastes and other sensory perceptions that usually go unnoticed. Take a walk and count the trees, look at the flowers, step on the sidewalk cracks, look for landscaping tips, and listen to the birds. When your mind starts to wander off, bring it back by observing your surroundings. Do the same thing while driving- look at your hands, the scenery, street signs, and other items in your car. Practice living NOW. Jesus said, “take no thought for your life.” In other words, spend this week doing minimal thinking and maximum enjoying what you already have. I once heard someone say, “Life is happening while you’re planning for your future.” Live Now!

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